Many of our patients ask this question during their regular eye examinations. In many cases these are called “pingueculae” which are small discolored bumps on the white parts of the eyes, usually on either side of the iris. They are composed of fatty tissue and are thought to result from dryness, sunlight exposure or wind irritation. They often run in families. While they are never harmful to your eyes or your vision, they are a cosmetic nuisance for some people. In others they may actually become red and inflamed at times.
Pingueculae are not usually removed surgically. To prevent them from growing you are advised to use artificial tears and protect yourself from sun and wind irritation by wearing good quality and well-fitted sunglasses at all times when outdoors.
Remember, any lumps and bumps on or around your eyes should be evaluated by an optometrist, as some may be due to a more serious problem.